Nineteenth-century poet, Irish nationalist, and fairy tale enthusiast. She began her literary career by publishing political poems in The Nation.
She fought for political rights and higher educational standards for women.
Her newspaper editorials and poems, written under the pseudonym of "Speranza," called for a violent Irish revolution.
She wed Sir William Wilde in 1851; the couple had one daughter and two sons.
She was the mother of renowned author Oscar Wilde.