Aviator who was nicknamed "Mr. Spitfire" and flew the prototype of the most famous World War II airplane.
He persuaded his superiors to grant him a combat mission in 1940.
He lived in the days before wind tunnels and computer simulations; therefore, he could only tell if a plane was air-ready by attempting to fly it.
He was born in Littlehampton, Sussex, England as the youngest of five children.
He flew the first Spitfire, but test pilot Alex Henshaw flew 2,000 more during the World War II years.