Abstract artist known for "Homage to the Square" and other paintings featuring geometric shapes and vibrant colors. Profoundly impacted 20th-century art education in the United States and Europe.
He moved from Germany to the United States in the early 1930s because of the rise of the Nazis and taught art and design at North Carolina's Black Mountain College.
He headed the Yale University Department of Design beginning in 1950.
His family was Roman Catholic and worked as craftsmen in Bottrop, Westphalia, Germany. His wife was the textile artist Anni Albers.
He taught many future notables, including artist Eva Hesse.