Veteran art-house film director whose work included 3-Iron and Samaritan Girl.
He won first prize in a screenwriting contest held by the Korean Film Council in 1995.
His 2012 film Pieta became the first South Korean film to receive Best Film honors at the three international film festivals: Venice, Berlin, and Cannes.
His family lived in a mountainous village before moving to Seoul.
He and French director Claude Sautet both won the Silver Lion Award for Best Director at the Venice Film Festival.