American Objectivist poet who addressed personal subject matter in works such as My Life by Water and New Goose. Her early works include elements of surrealism; her later poems contain political and social themes.
She grew up in rural Wisconsin and studied at Beloit College until her father was unable to afford her tuition.
She wrote a series of poems in honor of the son of her literary mentor Louis Zukofsky. Unfortunately, Zukofsky thought the poems were too personal and refused to let her publish them.
She married Frank Hartwig in 1928, but Depression-era financial difficulties led to the couple's 1930 separation.
She was the only female representative of the Objectivist poets, a literary group that included William Carlos Williams.