From 1975 until 1983, this Liberal Party leader served as Australia's twenty-second Prime Minister. Previously, he had held office as Australia's Minister for Education and Science; Minister for Defense; and Minister for the Army.
After graduating from Magdalen College, Oxford University, he returned to his native Australia and began his political career as a Member Parliament for Wannon.
While in office as prime minister, he subscribed to a Keynesian economic philosophy.
His six-decade marriage to Tamie Fraser lasted until his death in 2015 and produced four children.
He was succeeded in office by Labor Party Prime Minister Bob Hawke.