Lithuanian-American archaeologist known for her research on Neolithic and Bronze Age cultures. She is best known for advocating the theory that pre-Indo-European societies were matriarchal.
She studied at Vytautas Magnus University and the University of Vilnius.
She is known for her Kurgan hypothesis, which locates the Proto-Indo-European homeland in the Pontic Steppe.
She married architect Jurgis Gimbutas in 1941.
She and Robert Braidwood were both famous archaeologists.