English poet who wrote the melancholy masterpiece, "Dover Beach," as well as "The Scholar-Gipsy" and "Thyrsis." He was also a writer of prose and literary, social, and religious criticism.
As a student at the Rugby School, he won numerous awards for his poetry and essays and wrote both in English and Latin. He earned a scholarship to Balliol College, Oxford.
Arnold's godfather, the Reverend John Keble, was an important early influence on the young writer.
He married Frances Lucy Wightman in June of 1851; together, the couple had six children. Matthew Arnold's father, Thomas Arnold, was the headmaster of Rugby School.
He traveled throughout the United States lecturing on the literary work and philosophies of Ralph Waldo Emerson.