Oscar Micheaux


Birthday January 2, 1884

Birth Sign Capricorn

Birthplace Metropolis, IL

DEATH DATE Mar 25, 1951 (67)

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Author and screenwriter who wrote the novel, The Conquest, which he later adapted into the screenplay for The Homesteader, a silent film. His other films, which focus on the lives of black Americans, include Within Our Gates (1920) and The Conjure Woman (1926).

Before Fame

He worked as a waiter in Chicago in his late teens. Later, after working for a major railroad company for a time, he became a homesteader in South Dakota.


Some of his earliest work was published by The Chicago Defender.

Family Life

His father was born into slavery in Kentucky, and Micheaux and his twelve siblings grew up on a farm in Metropolis, Illinois. He later married Orlean McCracken.

Associated With

His novel, The Homesteader, was dedicated to Booker T. Washington.