Austrian-born independent film producer. He received the Irving Thalberg Memorial Award in 1963.
He was educated at the University of Vienna and traveled to Hollywood for the first time in 1927.
He won an Academy Award for Best Picture for the film On the Waterfront that was directed by Elia Kazan.
He was married three times and continuously traveled, which left little time for a family.
He collaborated with David Lean on film projects.