Imperial Japanese Army general in World War II, who conquered Malaya and Singapore and whose trial for war crimes set a legal precedent called the "Yamashita Standard."
In 1905, he graduated from the Imperial Japanese Army Academy and became second lieutenant.
He attempted to defend the Philippines from allied troops, but the breakdown of the chain of communication led to the Manila Massacre.
In 1916, he married Hisaki Nagayama.
After being sentenced to death, he appealed for clemency to President Harry S. Truman, but his request was denied.