Modernist poet known for such poetry collections as The Auroras of Autumn and Harmonium and for such individual poems as "The Emperor of Ice-Cream," "Anecdote of the Jar," and "Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Blackbird." He received the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1955.
After taking classes at Harvard, he graduated from the New York Law School. He did not start publishing poetry until he was thirty-five years old.
He once got into a fist fight with author Ernest Hemingway.
Born in Reading, Pennsylvania, he later settled in Hartford, Connecticut. He married Elsie Kachel in 1909.
His poem "Dry Loaf" was featured in a song by Nick Cave.