Former leader of the Azerbaijan Popular Front who served as the President of Azerbaijan from 1992 until 1993 when he was overthrown in a coup d'etat.
He earned the title of noble messenger while leading the Azerbaijani Popular Front in 1990.
He died of prostate cancer.
He was raised by communist parents in Nakhchivan ASSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Soviet Union.
He was succeeded by Heydar Aliyev after the 1993 coup.