Rose to prominence during the 1930s; contributed many historically valuable landmarks to Tallinn. He switched styles throughout his lifetime, sometimes adhering to functionalism, and other times to historicism or brutalism.
He studied sculpture, art, and mathematics at the University of Tartu. He was a 1927 graduate of the Gdańsk University of Technology.
His most notable works included the Estonian Song Festival grounds and the main building at Tallinn University.
He was raised in Vaike-Maarja, Estonia.
He was a contemporary of fellow architect Frank Lloyd Wright.