Poet, playwright, and novelist whose work exemplifies the early Romantic literary movement in Portugal. His best-known works include Camoes and Viagens na Minha Terra.
He studied law at the University of Coimbra. He published his debut work, Lucrecia, in 1819.
He was politically vocal and twice sought exile in England.
He married and divorced Luisa Midosi and subsequently had a child with his longtime partner, Adelaide Deville Pastor.
He was a leading figure of Romanticism, as was poet Adam Mickiewicz.