Known for her leadership in the Indian Independence Movement, she helped design the Flag of Indian Independence, which she introduced to the world at the 1907 International Socialist Conference in Germany.
Born into a wealthy Parsi family in Bombay, India, she studied several foreign languages at the prestigious Alexandra Native Girls' Institution.
At a 1910 event in Cairo, Egypt, she gave a passionate speech advocating for women's rights and equality.
She was unhappily married to attorney Rustom Cama (the son of renowned Parsi scholar K.R. Cama).
She and Ramadevi Choudhury were both female leaders in the Indian Independence Movement.