Attorney, Independent politician, and four-term Mayor of Toledo, Ohio. Also a journalist, he wrote for The Chicago Herald during the early 1890s.
He began his career as a reporter for various Ohio newspapers.
His first wife, Susan Brainerd, died just months after their 1892 wedding. Three years later, he married Susan's sister, Ella Brainerd.
He was named Ambassador to Belgium by President Woodrow Wilson.