African-American professor, legislator, and fighter for social justice.
He served in the U.S. Army during World War II and later financed his education through the GI Bill, receiving his Doctorate in Education from the University of Pennsylvania.
He taught for over twenty years in the Education Department at North Carolina's Winston-Salem State University, and he also served on the North Carolina General Assembly.
He and his twelve siblings grew up on a farm in North Carolina.
He, like Rosa Parks, refused to give up his bus seat for a white passenger. He was arrested for his 1947 act and, after taking his case to court, was awarded $2,000 in damages by Atlantic Greyhound Bus Lines.