Silent film director known for his work on the 1915 movie The Birth of a Nation. His later films include Orphans of the Storm and Broken Blossoms.
He was taught by his sister in a one-room schoolhouse.
His second film, Intolerance, sought to rectify most of the moral problems posed by his first (The Birth of a Nation).
He often directed movies starring silent film actress Lillian Gish.