Designed the Royal National Theatre in London; it has since gained recognition as a foremost example of Brutalist design. Known for his distinct use of cluster blocks as seen in such structures as Bethnal Green and Keeling House.
He studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture. He was hired by Wells Coates as a junior in the firm. He eventually became a partner in Berthold Lubetkin's practice.
He designed buildings for many colleges and universities, including the University of London, the Fitzwilliam College, SOAS, and the Institute of Education.
He married artist Susan Bendit and had three children.
His work was compared by some to that of Frank Lloyd Wright.