George Stephenson

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Birthday
9, 1781
Birthplace
England
Death Date
Aug 12, 1848 (67)
Birth Sign
Gemini
Birthday
9, 1781
Birthplace
England
Death Date
Aug 12, 1848 (67)

About

Famous for constructing the Liverpool and Manchester Railway, which was the first public, steam-operated, urban rail system in history, this British engineer is also remembered for his development of the world's standard 4'8.5" railway track gauge.

Before Fame

In his late teens, he learned to read by taking night school classes and worked by day as a railroad engineer.

Trivia

In the early 21st century, England's George Stephenson College was dedicated in his honor.

Family Life

The son of illiterate parents Mabel and Robert Stephenson, he spent his youth in Wylam, Northumberland, England. Following their 1802 marriage, he and his wife, Frances Henderson, welcomed a son named Robert. Over a decade after his first wife died of tuberculosis, he married Betty Hindmarsh.

Associated With

In the second decade of the nineteenth century, Stephenson and Humphry Davy both invented safety lamps for use in mines.