Political leader who served as Regent of Ethiopia from 1916 to 1930 and as Emperor of Ethiopia from 1930 to 1974. He facilitated Ethiopia's entrance into the United Nations.
He initially served under the government of Empress Zewditu. When he seized power in 1928, he forced the Empress to crown him King of Ethiopia.
Although he was an Eastern Orthodox Christian, he inspired many followers of the Rastafari movement.
He married Menen Asfaw in 1911; they had seven children together.
He lived in exile during Benito Mussolini's World War II-era control of Ethiopia.