An American short story writer and novelist, she won the 1970 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for The Collected Stories of Jean Stafford. She is also known for her 1947 novel, The Mountain Lion.
She attended the University of Colorado-Boulder and the University of Heidelberg. She published her best-selling debut novel, Boston Adventure, in 1944.
She was involved in a serious car accident that left her with emotional and physical scars and inspired her short story, "The Interior Castle."
She and playwright Eugene O'Neill were both recipients of the Pulitzer Prize.