Remembered for his bestselling novel The Magus, Fowles also penned numerous other acclaimed works of modernist and postmodernist fiction, including The Collector and The French Lieutenant's Woman.
After serving in the Royal Marines, he studied German and French at New College, Oxford University. He published his first novel, The Collector, in 1963.
He taught for a decade at a London all-female academy called St. Godric's College, and he also taught for a time at a school in Greece.
He married Elizabeth Christy in 1954. Following Christy's 1990 death from cancer, he married Sarah Smith.
Acclaimed actors Meryl Streep and Jeremy Irons starred in the 1981 screen adaptation of Fowles' novel The French Lieutenant's Woman.