After earning the prestigious Medal of Honor for his actions during the First Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Fort Stedman, this Civil War Union Army General-turned-Republican Party politician was elected seventeenth Governor of Pennsylvania.
He graduated from Union College (in New York) with a civil engineering degree and subsequently worked in the railroad and real estate industries. In the mid-1850s, he served as Deputy Sheriff of Montgomery County, Pennsylvania.
He was present as a Provost Marshal at the trial of President Lincoln's accused assassins.
His marriage to Sallie Douglas Sebring produced three surviving children.
General Ulysses S. Grant bestowed upon Hartranft the title of major general after Hartranft defeated Robert E. Lee's Confederate forces at the Battle of Fort Stedman.