Remembered for his activism on behalf of the Indian Independence Movement, he became a martyr to his fellow Indian nationalists after being fatally wounded by British police during what was otherwise a peaceful protest.
Early in his career as a political activist, he became a member of the Indian National Congress party and was forced into exile in Burma by his country's British-controlled government.
His published works include Unhappy India (1928) and The United States of America: A Hindu's Impression (1916).
The son of Radha Krishan and Gulab Devi, he grew up in a Hindu family in Punjab, India (then British India).
He and Bipin Chandra Pal were both members of the Lal Bal Pal Indian nationalist group of the early twentieth century.