French poet who is widely considered one of the fathers of the literary and political movement known as Negritude. Some of his most acclaimed works include 1937's Pigments and 1956's Black-Label.
He attended the secondary school Lycee Victor Schoelcher in Martinique.
He served in the French Army during World War II.
He married a woman from Brazil named Marietta.
He was the longtime friend and collaborator of fellow French poet Aime Cesaire.