American journalist known for his investigative articles that were collectively published as a book called The Shame of the Cities. He was known for exposing government corruption and being a supporter of communism.
He attended the University of California and later studied abroad in France and Germany.
At one time, he was an editor for McClure's magazine.
He was born in San Francisco, California and passed away in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California.
He and Ida Tarbell were both early "muckrakers", journalists who exposed government corruption.