1962 Pulitzer Prize winner for his 1961 opera "The Crucible" based on the play by Arthur Miller. His other works included "Jubilation: An Overture" from 1945, the "Sacred Songs for Pantheists" from 1951, and "Euphony for Orchestra" from 1954.
He received a fellowship from the Juilliard School in 1939, studying composition under the famed Frederick Jacobi, orchestration with Bernard Wagenaar, and conducting with Albert Stoessel and Edgar Schenkman.
He earned a Bronze Star for meritorious service in the Aleutian Islands during World War II.
His family owned a moving and storage company. He grew up with four siblings. He married Mary Raymond Benedict in 1944.
He studied composition under Aaron Copland at the Berkshire Music Center in 1941.