Italian soldier and explorer who mapped out the last unexplored part of the Nile.
He met his future exploration partner during the Crimean War.
He spent time in the British territory of Sudan, where he explored the interior of the land and helped squash revolts.
He died unexpectedly after a brief illness and his son, Felice, published his memoirs.
Like his contemporary Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci, he set out to explore dangerous new frontiers.