Hungarian dance artist and instructor who developed several important theories and techniques including Laban Movement Analysis and Labanotation, and who is credited with developing modern dance in Europe. He also influenced fencing theory through his lithe movements.
He first began studying architecture at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, but later became interested in the arts of dance and choreography and established the Choreographic Institute in 1915.
He was permitted to direct dance festivals under Joseph Goebbels in Nazi Germany until Goebbels banned one of his pieces for not promoting the Nazi regime.
His family was aristocratic, having descended from French nobility. His father was a field marshal and the governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina while they were still part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
He was close friends with the influential psychologist Carl Jung.