Nineteenth-century Azerbaijani poet whose works include lyric poems, satirical poems, ghazals and fables. Some of his best known works are "Bribe to the God," "Burial of a Dog," and "Satan."
He studied Arabic languages and European literature in his youth.
He headed Beyt-us-safa, an Azerbaijani literary organization.
He was born into a family of clergymen in Shamakhi, Azerbaijan.
He, like Mirza Sabir, was one of Azerbaijan's most influential nineteenth-century poets.