Hungarian Jewish author and journalist credited with founding the Zionist movement. His publications include Der Judenstaat (The Jews' State) and numerous plays.
Before becoming a journalist, he studied law at the University of Vienna.
He published his final literary work, a Zionist-themed novel entitled Altneuland, in 1902.
His unhappy marriage to Julie Naschauer produced three children, one of whom died of a drug overdose at the age of forty.
He and fellow journalist Berl Katznelson were both key figures in Zionism.