United States Congressman who represented Texas' 22nd district from 1984 until 2006 and served as House Majority Leader from 2003 to 2005. His memoir -- No Retreat, No Surrender: One American's Fight -- was published in 2007.
He graduated from the University of Houston in 1970 with a Bachelor of Science degree in biology; he obtained student deferments to avoid service in the Vietnam War.
In 2011, he was convicted of conspiracy to violate election law, but the court's judgement was later reversed, and he was formally acquitted.
He married his high school love, Christine Furrh, in 1967. In 2005, he and his wife founded Rio Bend, a Christian foster care community in Richmond, Texas.
He helped Newt Gingrich start the K Street Project, an effort to advance Republican ideals.