In 1899, this Katipunan revolutionary organization leader became the Philippines' first Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs under the dictatorial presidency of Emilio Aguinaldo.
After earning a bachelor's degree from the Colegio de San Juan de Letran, he received a law degree from the University of Santo Tomas.
Just before the start of the Philippine revolution, he became paralyzed as a result of polio.
He was born in Talaga, Philippines (then the Spanish East Indies), to a peasant father named Inocencio Mabini and a street vendor mother named Dionisia Maranan. He grew up with one older and six younger siblings.
He and Jose Laurel, born three decades apart, were both Filipino governmental leaders.