American physician, politician, and historian who served in the South Carolina legislature and was the first major historian to document the American Revolution.
He served in the South Carolina militia as a field surgeon during the Revolutionary War.
He was assassinated by William Linnen, a man he had examined and declared legally insane.
He was married three times, to Sabina Ellis from 1775 to 1776, Frances Witherspoon from 1783 to 1784, and Martha Laurens from 1787 to his death.
He was related by marriage to Supreme Court Justice John Rutledge.