Pioneering stop-motion photographer who was also known for his landscape photography. He gained international fame for his photographs of Yosemite Valley from 1868.
He worked as a bookseller after immigrating to the United States. He was severely injured in an 1860 stagecoach accident and took up photography during his period of recovery.
He was of partial Dutch ancestry. He killed his wife's lover in 1874, but was acquitted by a jury.
He was hired by Leland Stanford to compile stop- motion photographs of a galloping horse.