He attended New York University. He met Bacharach at the Brill Building's Famous Music in 1957. Their first hit was The Story of My Life by Marty Robbins, also in 1957.
He was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1972. He and Bacharach were given the 2011 Gershwin Prize for Popular Song by the Library of Congress.
He married second wife Eunice Forester in 1988.
He wrote two James Bond film themes with John Barry, We Have All the Time in the World for On Her Majesty's Secret Service from 1969 and Moonraker from the 1979 film of the same name.