An Azerbaijani author, playwright, and philosopher, he was also a noteworthy literary critic. His works include Art of Criticism, Principles of Writing, and the 1859 novel The Deceived Stars.
He was raised to become a clergyman, but he pursued a literary career instead, publishing his first work, The Oriental Poem, in 1837.
He was one of the first leaders of the Iranian nationalist movement.
As a child, he was educated by his uncle, Haji Alaskar.
His work, The Orient Poem, honors Alexander Pushkin .