Mathematician and writer who contributed to the fields of C*-algebra, symmetric topology, and pure mathematics. He made his career teaching mathematics at the Moscow State University.
He attended the University of Peshawar, Quaid-i-Azam University, and Moscow State University before teaching mathematics in Moscow.
He was a member of the International Centre for Theoretical Physics.
He raised one daughter.
He and Max Born are known for their contributions to mathematics.