German organic chemist who was a pioneer in the field of alicyclic compounds. He won the 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his contributions to organic chemistry.
He obtained a degree in chemistry from the University of Gottingen in 1869.
He is responsible for naming Terpene: a large and diverse class of organic compounds, produced by a variety of plants.
His family converted to Lutheranism from Judaism.
He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry the year before Madame Curie did.