In the last years of the nineteenth century, this Russian stage director and dramatist co-founded the famous Moscow Art Theatre with Constantin Stanislavski and also headed the organization's Nemirovich-Danchenko Musical Theatre wing, as well as its Moscow Art Theatre School.
After studying briefly at Moscow State University and subsequently working as a theatre critic, he published and staged his first play, Dog-Rose (1881).
In 1936, he was named a People's Artist of the USSR. He later received both the Order of Lenin and the USSR State Prize.
Born in Ozurgeti, Georgia, he was the son of an Armenian mother named Alexandra Yagubyan and a Ukrainian father who served in the Russian Army.
He and Stanislavski co-directed the original Moscow Art Theatre production of Anton Chekhov's famous play Three Sisters.